According to Asvi Warman Adam, the historian of the Indonesian Institute of Sciences (Lembaga Ilmu Pengetahuan Indonesia or LIPI), with or without the allure of his natural wealth, Soekarno would still fight for Papua because the region is within the scope of national sovereignty.

Soekarno would fought for West Irian with or without considering Papua’s natural wealth,” Asvi told Historia. “Since the KMB was signed at the end of December 1949, Bung Karno felt that Indonesia’s independence had not been territorially integrated. That’s what he fought for until 1963.